Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 people (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of a lot more than 1 million residents.

Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is component of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan location is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with roughly four.73 million people as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), a lot more than twice the dimension of Tucson and 1 of the largest cities in the United States.

Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a scorching desert climate. In spite of this, its canal program led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the original settler’s crops remaining essential elements of the Phoenix economic system for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were known locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally following World War II, when high-tech firms started to move into the valley and air conditioning created Phoenix’s scorching summers a lot more bearable.

The city averaged a 4 % yearly population growth rate over a fortyyear period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth rate slowed in the course of the Fantastic Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.